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human Apo B-48 ELISA

 

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Human Apo B-48 ELISA KIT

This is an ELISA (Enzyme Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay) kit for measurement of human apo B-48 with high sensitivity using Sandwich assay principle.

[Advantage]

(1) Rapid assay (total reaction time: 2 hours 50 min).

(2) A small sample volume.

(3) An ecologically excellent preservative is used. F

(4) Excellent precision and reproducibility.

[Components]

Reagents

Amounts

(A)

Anti-apo B-48-coated plate

96 wells (8x12) / 1 plate

(B)

Standard human apo B-48 (Frozen-dried)

128ng/1 vial

(C)

Buffer solution

60ml/1 vial

(D)

Biotin-conjugated anti-apo B-48 antibody

100μl/ 1 vial

(E)

HRP-conjugated streptavidin

100μl/ 1 vial

(F)

Chromogenic substrate reagent (TMB)

12ml/ 1 vial

(H)

Reaction stopper (1M H2SO4)

12ml/ 1 vial

(I)

Concentrated washing buffer (10x)

100ml/ 1 bottle

Human Apo B-48 ELISA KIT

[Assay sample]
Human serum or plasma(heparin or EDTA as anticoagulant) 50 μl/well (diluted to 100x with buffer (C)).
[Purpose of assay]
Quantitative measurement of apolipoprotein B-48
[Assay range]
2.5 – 160 ng/ml
[Assay operation]
1. Equipments necessary but not included in the kit.
(1) Micropipette (a micropipette able to deliver sample volume with high precision.), and a pipette for repetitive dispensing.
(2) Microplate washing apparatus (a microplate washer or a flashing bottle with nozzle).
(3) A microplate reader (A densitometer for microplate).
2. Preparation of reagents
(1) Washing buffer: Dilute the concentrated washing buffer (I) to 10X with purified water.
(2) Biotin-conjugated anti-apo B-48 (D): Dilute to 100X with the buffer solution(C).
(3) HRP-conjugated streptavidin (E): Dilute to 100X with the buffer solution(C).
B48
(4) Other reagents are used as they are.
(5) All the reagent solutions should be used after getting back to room temperature (20-25C).
3. Assay sample dilution
Dilute assay samples (human sera or plasma) to 100X with buffer (C).
4. An example of preparing standard solutions
Prepare the original standard solution by adding 400μl of distilled water to the vial (B) and mix gently and well to dissolve the content, then prepare a series of standard solutions by a dilution program shown below. After reconstitution, the original standard solution should be used within 24 hours. Freezing and thawing of the original standard solution is permitted only once.
The use of either polyethylene or polypropylene test tubes is recommended for the dilution process. Test tubes of other materials are not suitable due to large absorption.

Concentration

(ng/ml)

160

80

40

20

10

5.0

2.5

0

Std. Sol. (μl)

200**

200*

200*

200*

200*

200*

200*

0

Buffer (μl)

200

200

200

200

200

200

200

200

**Original standard solution, *One rank higher standard solution
5. Assay procedure
(1) Remove the cover sheet of the microplate after getting back to room temperature.
(2) Rinse the antibody coated wells (A) by filling the washing buffer and discard 4 times, then strike the plate upside-down onto folded several sheets of paper towel to remove the excess buffer.
(3) Pipette 50μl of diluted sample into the wells for samples.
(4) Pipette 50μl of the standard solution to the wells for preparing a standard curve.
(5) Shake the plate on a plate shaker at 800-1,000rpm for approximately 5 to 10 seconds.
(6) Incubate for 1 hour at room temperature (20-25℃).
(7) Discard the reaction mixture, and then wash wells as described in (2).
(8) Pipette 50μl of biotin-conjugated anti-apo B-48 solution to all wells. Then shake on a plate shaker as (5).
(9) Incubate the plate for 1 hour at room temperature.
(10) Discard the reaction mixture, and then wash the plate as (2).
(11) Pipette 50μl of HRP-conjugated avidin solution to all wells, and shake as (5).
(12) Incubate for 30 minute at room temperature.
(13) Discard the reaction mixture, and wash the plate as (2).
(14) Pipette 50μl of chromogenic substrate solution to wells, and shake as (5).
(15) Let the plate stand for 20 minutes at room temperature.
(16) Add 50 μl of the reaction stopper (H) to all wells and shake as (5).
(17) Measure the absorbance of each well at 450 nm (sub-wave length, 620nm) by a plate reader within 30 minutes.
[Summary of Assay Procedure]
Antibody-coated well plate
↓ B48

Washing 4 times
↓
Sample (diluted) or Standard 50μl
↓
Shaking and reaction for 1 hour at room temp (20-25℃).
↓
Washing 4 times
↓
Biotin-conjugated anti-apo B-48 antibody 50μl
↓
Shaking and reaction for 1 hour at room temp.
↓
Washing 4 times
↓
HRP-conjugated avidin 50μl
↓
Shaking, and reaction for 30 mins at room temp.
↓
Washing 4 times
↓
Chromogenic substrate solution 50μl
↓
Shaking, and reaction for 20 mins. at room temp
↓
Reaction stopper 1M H2SO4 50μl
↓
Shaking and measurement of absorbance
at 450nm(sub. 620nm)
[Calculation of apo B-48 concentration]
(1) Prepare a standard curve using semi-logarithmic or logarithmic section paper by plotting absorbance* (Y-axis) against apo B-48 concentration (ng/ml) on X-axis.
*Absorbance at 450nm minus absorbance at 620nm.
(2) Using the standard curve, read the apo B-48 concentration of a sample from its absorbance*, and multiply the assay value by dilution rate. Though the assay range is wide enough, in case the absorbance of some samples are higher than that of the highest standard, please repeat the assay after proper dilution (upper limit is 200X) of samples with the buffer solution.
* We recommend the use of 3rd order regression curve or 4-parameter method in computer calculation.
[Important notice in the treatments]
1. Treatment of assay samples
B48
(1) Use serum or plasma samples obtained by ordinary standard method.
Please, avoid using NaF-containing blood sampling tube, because fluoride ion is a peroxidase inhibitor, and may reduce the coloration even after washing.
(2) Turbid samples or those containing insoluble materials should be centrifuged before assay and remove those materials.
(3) Measure the samples as soon as possible after sampling.
(4) Dilution of assay samples should be made using microtubes before starting assay.
2. Storage of assay samples.
If assay samples have to be stored for a long period, freeze samples and store below –35C. The original standard solution should be prepared immediately before assay. But if you have to store it, store it below –35C. Avoid repeated freezing and thawing for both samples and the standard solution.
[Assay range and assay validation]
1. A model standard curve Standard Curve0.0000.5001.0001.5002.0002.5001101001000apoB-48(ng/ml)abs.450(⊿620)nm
Absorbance of assay range (2.5 to 160ng/ml) is about 0.2 to 2.0, though the absorbance may vary owing to assay condition.
2. Specificity
Cross-reaction to human apo B-100 is less than lower detection limit.
3. Precision and reproducibility
(1) Within assay variation (3 samples, 5 replicates assay)
Average C.V. is 3.5%.
(2) Reproducibility (3 samples, triplicates assay, 3 days)
Average C.V. is 2.8 – 8.6% B48
(3) Recovery test
Sample
Added (ng/ml)
Found (ng/ml)
Recovered (ng/ml)
Recovery (%)
1
0
31.3
-
-
20.0
51.2
19.9
99.5
40.0
70.1
38.8
97.0
60.0
87.7
56.4
94.0
2
0
4.8
-
-
5.0
10.0
5.2
104
10.0
15.3
10.5
105
15.0
19.7
14.9
100
4. Dilution test Dilution Test025507510012515000.20.40.60.81Dilution FactorApo B-48 (
ng/ml)
5. Assay data of Apolipoprotein B-48
Sample: Normal human plasma before meal Duplicate assay, Unit: μg/ml
Sample No.
Assay Value
Sample No.
Assay Value
Sample No.
Assay Value
1
3.59
7
4.16
13
2.88
2
5.66
8
8.12
14
5.28
3
5.86
9
5.58
15
3.05
4
6.19
10
2.69
16
2.65
5
6.56
11
2.83
17
4.69
6
4.63
12
4.11
18
4.23
mean
5.41
SD
1.88
B48

Important notes to minimize assay variation in Human Apo B-48 assay
○Temperature
Every reagent should be put back to 20 to 25℃ before assay.
This is attained by keeping the reagents for about one hour on a laboratory table before starting assay if the room temperature is 22℃.
As a rule, dilution of the reagents, preparation of the standard solutions and assay samples should be made immediately before assay.
○Dissolving the original standard preparation
The original frozen-dried standard preparation should be dissolved by adding the indicated volume of purified water and enough vortex-stirring (1800~2200rpm, 10 seconds x 3 times) with a good care not to avoid bubble formation. Bubbles may cause denaturation of the protein. Be sure that the material is completely dissolved to give clear solution.
Caution about vortex-stirring: Vortexing should be started from the resting state. Do not put a tube on a rotating vortex, because this often causes bubble formation.
○Preparation of standard solutions, and dilution of assay samples
Use duly calibrated micropipettes. Precise pipetting is essential for the excellent precision.
At every step of serial dilution, enough stirring is necessary using vortex-type stirrer (1800~2200rpm, 10 seconds x 3 times). The buffer contains a detergent, so be careful not to make bubbles while stirring.
○ Delivering of samples and reagents to wells
In the pipetting of samples and reagents to assay wells, be careful not to make bubbles. Bubbles may cause variation of the assay results. For the delivery of reagents, we recommend the use of multiple dispenser, like Eppendorf’s Multipette Plus. After delivery of a reagent, never forget to stir the assay plate on a plate shaker. Adjust the rotation speed of the shaker to give homogeneity of the mixture.
○Reaction period
The counting of the reaction period is usually started from the pipetting of the first well, however, if the pipetting takes a long time (more than 15 minutes), start counting from the last pipetting. The use of a multi-pipette or a repeating delivering apparatus is also recommended.
○Reaction temperature
Keep the reaction temperature between 20~25℃. We recommend the use of an incubator set at this temperature range.
○Washing of the plate
When a plate washer is used, this apparatus sometimes requests the adjustment of the pressure or speed of the addition and aspiration of the washing solution. Mismatching of these conditions of the apparatus often gives big variation in the assay results, abnormal blank values, or low absorbance.
[Statements and precaution]
(1) The reagents included in this assay kit should be used only for research works.
B48
(2) As the antibody-coated plate is module type of 8wells x 12 rows, each row can be separated by a cutter and used independently.
(3)The reagent solutions of the kit should be used principally immediately after reconstitution. Otherwise, keep them in a dark place with the temperature 2-8C,and use them within 3 days.
(4) The reagents were prepared to give accurate results by their combination within the kit. So, do not combine the reagents in the kit of other lot number. Even the lot number is the same, do not mix the reagents with those that have been preserved for some period.
(5) Pipetting and dilution of the reagent solutions should be made accurately because these steps influence the assay precision.
(6) Do not dry the assay plate to avoid denaturation of the coated antibody.
(7) Measurement of the reaction time should be started from the pipetting of reagent to the first well.
(8) Prepare the standard curve in each assay.
(9) Dilution of the assay sample should be carried out using the buffer solution attached to the kit.
(10) Storage condition for the kit should be strictly followed. Do not expose the reagents to direct sunlight or heat.
(11) Be careful not to allow the reagent solutions of the kit to touch the skin and mucus. Especially be careful for the stopping solution because it is 1M sulfuric acid.
If, by mistake, the reagents contact with skin, eyes, mouse or wound, wash thoroughly with tap water, consult a doctor when necessary.
(12) HRP-conjugated reagent solution, chromogenic substrate solution, and reaction stopper must be avoided from contacting with any metal.
(13) In treating assay samples of human origin, be careful for possible biohazards.
(14) After assay, the materials to discard should be immersed in 1% formalin, 2% glutalaldehyde or 0.1% sodium hypochlorite for more than 1 hour, or otherwise autoclaved.
[Storage condition]
Store the kit at 2~8℃. Do not freeze.
[Term of validity]
Six months from production. Expiration date is indicated on the container.
[Unit of package]
96-wells/1 plate (Product code: AKHB48)
[Reference]
Determination of apolipoprotein B-48 in serum by a sandwich ELISA
Kinoshita, M., Kojima, M., Matsushima, T., and Teramoto, T.
Clinica Chimica Acta, 351, 115-120, 2005

 

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Last modified: 05/29/09